Dear Class of 2017…比尔·盖茨有话跟你说
发布时间2017年05月26日 16:17    文章来源: 中国病毒学论坛  点击量:次  

近日,微软公司创始人比尔·盖茨(Bill Gates)在其个人博客“盖茨笔记”上发表了一篇关于给大学毕业生的寄语。

 

比尔·盖茨预言未来世界:机会属于人工智能、生物科学

 

比尔·盖茨在其中谈到当下能对世界产生巨大影响的机会存在于三个领域——人工智能、能源以及生物科学。因为人工智能可以使人们生活更有效率和具有创造力;而能源革命对消除贫困和气候变化有着重要作用;生物科学则可以让人类活得更长久和健康。

 

与此同时,比尔·盖茨还与年轻人分享了他的人生经验,而这些道理是在他认为对人生非常重要,但在他刚走出校园时也不理解的。

 

其一是要懂得欣赏他人的才能,让每个人在各自的领域发挥自己的能力。另一个方面,是要意识到这个世界的不平等,并且投身其中贡献自己的力量。

 

以下为比尔·盖茨博客全文:

 

亲爱的2017届同学:

 

恭喜!你们刚刚完成了我从来没有做过的事情——获得大学学位!

 

我相信你们从毕业演讲或者毕业派对上叔叔阿姨们的分享众包已经获得了很多建议,尽管显得有点多余,但我也想和你们分享一些想法。

 

刚刚毕业的大学生常常会找我咨询一些关于职业的问题。我很幸运在我20岁刚出头的时候数字革命刚刚开始,我和保罗·艾伦有机会参与塑造那场革命。(这也解释了为什么我没有获得大学学位,我离开学校就是担心在这场革命中没有我们的参与。)

 

如果我今天要开始寻找和当年同样的能在世界上产生巨大影响的机会,我会考虑三个领域。

 

一个是人工智能。我们才刚刚开始采取一切方式,使人们的生活更有成效和具有创造力。

 

第二个是能源。因为清洁、负担得起和可靠的能源对于消除贫困和气候变化有着至关重要的作用。

 

第三个是生物科学。这是已经成熟的技术,它们有机会帮助人们生活得更长久和更健康。

 

但无论你选择什么职业,生活中有一些事情都是真实的——如果在我离开学校的时候,我能更好地理解这些东西就好了。

 

其中一方面就是,智力并不像我以为的那么重要,而且它会以许多不同的方式呈现。在微软的早期,我相信如果你可以编好代码,你就也可以很好地管理员工,或者管理一个营销团队,或者承担其他的任务。我错了,我不得不去学会了解和欣赏人们不同的才能。如果你们还没有意识到,希望你们能越早做到这一点,你们的生活将会更加丰富。

 

另一件我希望早点理解的是不平等真正的样子。直到我30多岁快40岁的时候,我和梅琳达(比尔·盖茨的太太)第一次去非洲旅行,才第一次看到不平等真正的样子。我们对当时的所见感到震惊。回来的时候,我们开始了解到更多。它深深地留在我的脑海里:数以百万计的贫困儿童正死于富裕国家完全不用担心的疾病。我们认为这是世界上最不公正的事情。我们意识到,我们一刻也等不了,必须马上投身其中,回到正确的道路上。

 

现在的你们比我在你们这个年龄的时候知道的多得多。技术让你们用我和我的朋友从来没用过的方式去看待问题。它可以使你们以我们所不能的方式获得帮助。你们也可以尽早地开始战胜不平等,无论是在你自己的社团或者是在世界上任何一个国家。

 

与此同时,我鼓励你们要让身边存在挑战者,让他们教你并推动你成为最好的自己。梅琳达对我来说就是这样,让我成为了更好的人。我的好朋友沃伦·巴菲特也是如此。我衡量自己快乐与否,是通过判断那些在我身边爱我的人是否快乐,以及我是不是给他人的生活带去了改变。

 

如果我可以给你们每一个人一份毕业礼物的话,我会给你们斯蒂芬·平克的《人性中的天使》(The Better Angels of Our Nature)。经过几年的学习,你们可能不会完全看完这本700多页的书,但是请把它放在你的阅读清单上,以便有一天可以读到它——这是我读过最具启发性的书。

 

平克在书中提出了一个很有说服力的观点:世界越来越好,我们生活在人类历史上最平静的时期。这很可能是件很难办的事情,尤其是现在。当你告诉人们这个世界正在进步的时候,他们或许看着你觉得你要么很天真要么就是疯了。

 

但这是真的,一旦你明白了这个道理,你就会开始用不一样的眼光来看这个世界。如果你发现事情变得越来越好,那么你就会想知道是什么工作起了作用,继而你就可以加速改善这个世界,并把它传递给更多的人、传递到更多的地方。

 

这并不意味着你们可以无视我们面临的眼中问题。这只是想让你们相信你们可以解决这些问题,并且相信要为这一信仰去采取行动。

 

这是我的世界观的核心,是它在艰难的时期支持着我,这也是17年来我仍然热爱着慈善工作的原因。我认为它同样可以支持你们。

 

祝大家好运,这是一个非常好的时代,我希望你们能充分利用它。

 

英文原文:

 

By Bill Gates  | May 15, 2017

 

Congratulations! You’ve just accomplished something I never managed to do—earn a college degree.

 

Between your commencement speaker and every aunt and uncle at your graduation party, I am sure you are getting a lot of advice. At the risk of piling on, I thought I would share a few thoughts.

 

New college graduates often ask me for career advice. I was lucky to be in my early 20s when the digital revolution was just getting under way, and Paul Allen and I had the chance to help shape it. (Which explains my lack of a college degree—I left school because we were afraid the revolution would happen without us.) If I were starting out today and looking for the same kind of opportunity to make a big impact in the world, I would consider three fields.

One is artificial intelligence. We have only begun to tap into all the ways it will make people’s lives more productive and creative. The second is energy, because making it clean, affordable, and reliable will be essential for fighting poverty and climate change. The third is the biosciences, which are ripe with opportunities to help people live longer, healthier lives.

 

But some things in life are true no matter what career you choose. I wish I had understood these things better when I left school. For one thing, intelligence is not quite as important as I thought it was, and it takes many different forms. In the early days of Microsoft, I believed that if you could write great code, you could also manage people well or run a marketing team or take on any other task. I was wrong about that. I had to learn to recognize and appreciate people’s different talents. The sooner you can do this, if you don’t already, the richer your life will be.

Another thing I wish I had understood much earlier is what true inequity looks like. I did not see it up close until my late 30s, when Melinda and I took our first trip to Africa. We were shocked by what we saw. When we came back, we began learning more. It blew our minds that millions of children there were dying from diseases that no one in rich countries even worried about. We thought it was the most unjust thing in the world. We realized we couldn’t wait to get involved—we had to start giving back right away.

 

You know much more than I did when I was your age. Technology lets you see problems in ways my friends and I never could, and it empowers you to help in ways we never could. You can start fighting inequity sooner, whether it is in your own community or in a country halfway around the world.

 

Meanwhile, I encourage you to surround yourself with people who challenge you, teach you, and push you to be your best self. Melinda does that for me, and I am a better person for it. Like our good friend Warren Buffett, I measure my happiness by whether people close to me are happy and love me, and by the difference I make in other people’s lives.

 

If I could give each of you a graduation present, it would be a copy of The Better Angels of Our Nature, by Steven Pinker. After several years of studying, you may not exactly be itching to read a 700-page book. But please put this one on your reading list to get to someday. It is the most inspiring book I have ever read.

Pinker makes a persuasive argument that the world is getting better—that we are living in the most peaceful time in human history. This can be a hard case to make, especially now. When you tell people the world is improving, they often look at you like you’re either naïve or crazy.

 

But it’s true. And once you understand it, you start to see the world differently. If you think things are getting better, then you want to know what’s working, so you can accelerate the progress and spread it to more people and places.

It doesn’t mean you ignore the serious problems we face. It just means you believe they can be solved, and you’re moved to act on that belief.

This is the core of my worldview. It sustains me in tough times and is the reason I still love my philanthropic work after more than 17 years. I think it can do the same for you.

 

Good luck to all of you. This is an amazing time to be alive. I hope you make the most of it. 

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